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Seine-Maritime is a department located in the northwestern region of France. It is situated in the Normandy region and is bordered by the English Channel to the north. The department covers an area of 6,278 square kilometers and has a population of approximately 1.2 million people.

Location and Topography

Seine-Maritime is located on the northern coast of France and is known for its beautiful coastline and cliffs. The department is home to several major rivers, including the Seine, which runs through the heart of the region. The landscape of Seine-Maritime is diverse, with rolling hills, forests, and agricultural land. The highest point in the department is the Signal d'Écouves, which stands at 413 meters above sea level.

Climate Patterns

The climate of Seine-Maritime is classified as oceanic, which means it is influenced by the proximity of the Atlantic Ocean. The region experiences mild temperatures throughout the year, with average temperatures ranging from 5°C in winter to 20°C in summer. The department is known for its frequent rainfall, which is spread evenly throughout the year. The wettest months are typically November and December, while the driest months are July and August.

The Regions of Seine-Maritime

Seine-Maritime is divided into five regions, each with its own unique geography and climate. The Pays de Bray is located in the southeast of the department and is characterized by its rolling hills and agricultural land. The Caux region is located along the coast and is known for its cliffs and beaches. The Pays de Caux is home to several charming towns and villages, including Etretat and Fécamp. The Rouen region is located in the center of the department and is home to the city of Rouen, which is known for its historic architecture and cultural attractions. The Plateau de Caux-Doudeville region is located in the northeast of the department and is characterized by its forests and agricultural land.

Impact of Climate on Seine-Maritime

The climate of Seine-Maritime has a significant impact on the region's economy and way of life. The mild temperatures and frequent rainfall make the department an ideal location for agriculture, particularly the production of dairy products and apples. The region is also known for its fishing industry, which is supported by the proximity of the English Channel. The climate also attracts tourists to the region, particularly during the summer months when visitors flock to the beaches and coastal towns.


Seine-Maritime is a beautiful department located in the Normandy region of France. Its diverse landscape and mild climate make it an ideal location for agriculture, fishing, and tourism. By understanding the geography and climate of Seine-Maritime, students can gain a deeper appreciation for this unique region of France.

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2. History of Seine-Maritime ⇨