6.1 Napoleon's Defeat in Russia
This section covers Napoleon's disastrous invasion of Russia in 1812, including the harsh winter conditions, the Battle of Borodino, and the retreat from Moscow. The impact of this defeat on Napoleon's empire will also be discussed.
6.2 Exile to Elba
After his defeat in Russia, Napoleon was forced to abdicate and was exiled to the island of Elba. This section explores his time on the island, including his attempts to escape and his eventual return to France.
6.3 The Hundred Days
Napoleon's return to France in 1815, known as the Hundred Days, is the focus of this section. The Battle of Waterloo and Napoleon's final defeat will be discussed, as well as the political aftermath of his reign.
6.4 Impact on Europe
This section explores the impact of Napoleon's rule on Europe, including the spread of nationalism and the rise of conservative forces. The Congress of Vienna and the restoration of monarchies will also be discussed.
6.5 Napoleon's Legacy
Napoleon's lasting legacy, including his legal and administrative reforms, his military tactics, and his impact on art and culture, will be explored in this section.
6.6 Historical Interpretations
This section examines different historical interpretations of Napoleon's reign, including the debate over whether he was a hero or a tyrant. The impact of Napoleon on modern politics and society will also be discussed.