1 Introduction to Neural Networks

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2 Forward Propagation ⇨

## Deep Learning: An Introduction

### What is Deep Learning?

Deep learning is a subset of machine learning that focuses on artificial neural networks and algorithms inspired by the structure and function of the human brain. It involves training neural networks with large amounts of data to recognize patterns and make decisions without human intervention. Deep learning has revolutionized various fields such as image and speech recognition, natural language processing, and autonomous driving.### Neural Networks in Deep Learning

Neural networks are the building blocks of deep learning models. They are composed of layers of interconnected nodes called neurons, which process and transmit information. Each neuron receives input, applies a mathematical operation, and passes the output to the next layer. The connections between neurons have weights that are adjusted during the training process to optimize the network's performance.### Deep Learning Architecture

Deep learning models consist of multiple layers, with each layer performing specific computations on the input data. The first layer receives the raw input, such as an image or text, and passes it through a series of hidden layers before producing the final output. The depth of the network refers to the number of hidden layers it contains, hence the term "deep learning."### Activation Functions

Activation functions are crucial components of neural networks that introduce non-linearities into the model. They determine the output of a neuron based on the weighted sum of its inputs. Common activation functions include the sigmoid, tanh, ReLU (Rectified Linear Unit), and softmax functions. These functions introduce complexity and flexibility into the network, enabling it to learn complex patterns in the data.### Training Deep Learning Models

Training a deep learning model involves feeding it with labeled data and adjusting the weights of the connections between neurons to minimize the error in predicting the correct output. This process, known as backpropagation, uses optimization algorithms like stochastic gradient descent to update the weights iteratively. The goal is to optimize the model's parameters to improve its performance on unseen data.### Applications of Deep Learning

Deep learning has been applied to various real-world problems, such as image and speech recognition, natural language processing, autonomous vehicles, healthcare diagnostics, and financial forecasting. Its ability to learn complex patterns and make accurate predictions from large datasets has made it a powerful tool in modern technology. As researchers continue to explore new architectures and algorithms, the potential of deep learning to drive innovation and solve challenging problems remains vast.Now let's see if you've learned something...

2 Forward Propagation ⇨